In the simplest form, there are two types of blocks you can use for paving, clay blocks and concrete blocks. Although there are many sub categories within both categories they are mainly based around clay and concrete. You can also get stone blocks however they aren't considered a “block paving” surface. Below we compare clay and concrete blocks and provide our verdict as to which material would be best suited for your driveway.
Clay Block Paving
Clay is a naturally occurring material that has many household uses due to its hard wearing qualities. Clay blocks are so durable they are virtually indestructible from all of the english weather has to throw at it. Added to this, clay blocks will not disintegrate if it is washed using chemicals such as acid and bleach.
Due to its natural properties, clay blocs are actually impermeable, which means these blocks will require additional drainage to be installed to ensure there is appropriate water runoff. However it also does mean moss growth isn't uncommon, so regular cleaning is important.
A major advantage clay blocks have over concrete blocks is the colour of the blocks do not fade in UV light, which means the driveway will maintain its original finishes for a very long time.
Due to all these positive qualities, clay block paving is very expensive to buy. Compared to the concrete versions you may be looking at over a 100% difference in price per square meter, however what you do get is a driveway that can last for virtually a generation as it is so hard wearing and the colour does not fade.
Concrete Block Paving
Concrete is a man made substance that is a made from crushed stones, cement and sand. More recently, with the push for increased recycling of waste materials, you are able to now buy concrete blocks that are mixed with glass.
Although concrete is a strong material - it is not close to being as hard wearing as clay. For example, the blocks will fade from UV rays, which means you may need to replace the blocks after 20 years to maintain the “good as new” finish. Added to this, because concrete blocks are permeable, they pick up dirt easily and quickly, therefore at a minimum you will need to install a quality paving sealer and regularly jet wash. However as a positive, this means the amount of additional draining required is lower than clay block paving.
Due to these qualities, concrete block paving is quite cheap to buy compared to clay block paving and as it is a man made substance, it can be formed into many more colours and styles, and advanage if you are looking for a highly bespoke look and finish.
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How to install a block paving driveway
Installing a block paved driveway can be quite complex, which means you should expect a good contractor to take a reasonable amount of time to construct your driveway. To consider how long it will take in total you need to know the different elements that makes up a block paved driveway and their respective timelines.
Survey for pipes
Before any work begins, your contractor will need to do a survey for pipes and cables to make sure when they reach the excavating stage, they do not dig through something they shouldn't! This should take a couple of days from start to finish, maximum.
Once it has been confirmed the route that needs to be taken to make sure no pipes or cables are distributed, your driveway contractor will begin preparing your plot by excavating the ground. The time this would take is heavily dependant on the size of the driveway. As you expect a large driveway i.e. one that can hold 4 or more cars would take longer than can hold 1 car. Expect this to to take between a day to a couple of days.
Drainage and Membrane
Installing draining and a weed membrane are important steps to ensuring your block paved driveway last for a long time with as minimal maintenance possible. If planned properly this could take a day or two to complete with the appropriate checks to make sure both systems work as expected.
Installing the block paving from the top level sand to the finished article is the longest part of the installation process and can take a couple of days or longer, depending on the complexity and size of driveway being installed.
Putting all of this together, we could expect a driveway that can fit 1 car to take around 5 days to complete, 2 cars, 7 days and larger can be up to 10 days.
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Materials used for block paved driveways
One of the most common questions that people want to know before embarking on any type of work to their home or garden is – how much will it cost? This is no different to having a new resin bound driveway installed. This isn't a simple question to answer as there are plenty of factors to take into consideration.
So, how much does it really cost?
Again, it really depends. Generally speaking it can cost anywhere in the region of £40 per square metre, but again this depends on the size of the area that needs covering, existing surface type and type of aggregate used.
Whilst you may have the smallest driveway in the world, you'll still have to calculate the cost factor required for the building work to be completed. This means the labour and fuel costs for your builder to get to you and install your new driveway.
The aggregate is the main structure of your driveway – it's the stones that make it. Aggregates come in a variety of sizes ranging from 1mm to 10mm. The most common size of aggregate that is used in a resin bound driveway is between 2-5mm, as this ensures that it's big enough for a driveway coverage, whilst also being small enough for the porous qualities that are needed for a resin driveway.
The depth of your driveway will depend on the type of aggregate that will be used. Obviously, if you use a larger aggregate, you'll need to have a greater driveway depth. Using the standard sized 2-5mm aggregates will require your driveway depth to be between 15-20mm.
Your new resin bound driveway will need to be installed on a stable surface.
Stone or grass – If you currently have stone or grass driveway, then this will need to excavated so that a more compact stone base and a porous asphalt can be put down.
Block – If you have block driveway, this will need to be completely removed. You'll then need to have the compact stone base and asphalt installed
Concrete or tarmac - If you have a concrete or tarmac driveway, the resin bound mixture can be installed directly on top of it. This is obviously if your current driveway is in good condition. If it isn't then it'll need to be repaired or excavated completely.
Having a resin driveway will vary in costs depending on the amount of work that is required. However, once it's done, it should last for many years and it will definitely be worth the work.
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What is a resin bound driveway
If you're in the market for a new driveway and are considering having a resin bound driveway installed, you maybe wondering if planning permission is required. It is always important to take into account what planning permissions and building regulations need to be adhered to for home maintenance work.
Is planning permission required?
The good news, if you are thinking about having a resin driveway at your home, it doesn't require any form of planning permission for standard builds. If you reside in a graded property or you are in an environmental area, then this may be required. If you are unsure, the best thing to do is to check with your local council.
Whilst planning permission isn't generally required to have a new driveway installed, there are a few other things that you'll have consider
Surface – The surface or pre-surface that your new resin bound driveway will be constructed on will need to be secure and stable. Concrete is the best surface, if it is free from cracks and not too high. You can't have a resin driveway built on an already existing block driveway, which means that this will have to be removed. A good construction company should be able to advise you on what extra work needs to be carried out.
Depth – When having a resin driveway, you will need to consider the depth that it needs to be. This can vary, but the standard depth is between 15mm and 20mm. Any less that this and you run the risk of cracks developing which will ultimately ruin it.
Aggregates – This is the stone element that is used to construct your new driveway. You can incorporate any other features into this, such as coloured glass or stone, but on the whole the standard size required for the stones is 2-5mm. The stones allow your driveway to remain porous which helps to reduce stagnant water build up, as this can damage a driveway.
Type - There are two types of resin based types – resin bound and resin bond. Resin bound is what your driveway should be made from because the aggregates are completely combined with the resin binder which creates the smooth look and ensures that it's porous. Resin bond on the other hand is generally used for footpaths as the resin filler is applied to the surface first before the aggregates is applied on top. Resin bond isn't porous and isn't considered strong enough to withstand the weight of cars or vans on a regular basis.
Always remember that whilst a resin bound driveway doesn't necessarily require planning permission, you will have to ensure that it meets the various other building standards.
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How much should a resin driveway cost
So, you've heard about people replacing their concrete or tarmac driveways with a resin bound driveway, and now you're wondering what all the fuss is about? Well, there are many benefits to having a resin driveway installed, read on to find out more.
A resin bound driveway is known for being very low maintenance. You can go crazy and sweep it regularly, or you can opt for the laid back approach, invest in a power washer and give it a good blast every six months.
A resin driveway doesn't just come in one shade or type. You can have the standard stone aggregate finish, or you can opt for something a little different. Some people have chosen to have patterns made with decorative glass installed into their driveways, others just like the fact that you can choose a multitude of colours so that it stands out. The possibilities are fairly limitless when it comes to resin bound driveway designs – just discuss these options with your builder and together you can create something incredibly special. If your driveway has been installed well, it shouldn't suffer from a colour distortions either.
A resin bound driveway can last for about 25 years if maintained properly. In addition to this, many driveway installers will offer you a 10 year warranty, which is also a great piece of reassurance if you're unsure about this relatively new driveway technique.
Resin bound driveways are made by the resin binder being thoroughly mixed with the stone aggregate. This means that when it's laid it becomes porous, and this means that water drains off it effectively. This excellent drainage system means that there is less chance for surface water to build up which prevents cracks from forming and also helps to reduce slippery frosts in the winter months.
Smooth but not slippery
A well installed resin bound driveway will have smooth finish. This smoothness is a perfect surface for wheelchair uses and pushchairs to glide across. However, you might be concerned that this will make it quite slippery? Don't worry, it isn't. The surface is actually very good a creating tyre traction for cars which makes it easy to get on and off when you need to be out and about.
There are a great number of benefits that can be experienced from having a resin bound driveway installed. The best way to find exactly what these are, is to bite the bullet and get one.
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Is planning permission required
Once you've got your wonderful brand new resin bound driveway installed, the next thing you'll want to know how to do, it to maintain it properly. Resin driveways are incredibly easy to look after, but there are a few things that you'll need to take into consideration.
Overall, looking after your new driveway is simple. For standard maintenance, all you need to do is to sweep it on a semi regular basis and to wash it at least twice a year. The best way to wash it, is with a power washer as this takes away most of the effort – and it's quite good fun too.
One of the main bonuses of having a resin bound driveway is the fact that it's porous. This means that there is less chance that it will keep any surface water, and in winter, this means that there is less chance of a frost developing. If you are facing a particularly harsh winter forecast, you may want to put rock salt on your driveway – it's still perfectly safe to continue to do this even with a resin driveway. You can also use a normal plastic snow shovel to remove any fallen snow – the shovel won't damage the resin. However, please only use a plastic one as the metal variety can be quite harsh and is likely to cause harm to the resin surface. Once you've removed the snow, you're free to apply a liberal helping of rock salt to prevent it freezing over on those cold winter nights.
Plant based care
Vegetation has a habit of popping up when you least want it to. In order to adequately care for your new driveway, there are a couple of things that you'll need to be aware of.
Weeds – Because of the resin coverage, you shouldn't get any pesky weeds springing up in the middle of your driveway, or even at the sides of it. However, if this does happen, it's perfectly fine for you treat these with any standard weed killer.
Moss – moss has been known to grown on the surface of a resin bound driveway, but this can be easily disposed of with a good sweeping from your broom. Alternatively, use a power washer to rid them completely
Car related care
Car related care doesn't mean the care that you need to give to your car, but the issues that your car can cause on your driveway.
Oil spills – If you notice an oil spill, your first concern will be to get your car to the garage. In addition to this, the spill would leave a nasty stain on concrete driveways. However, with a resin bound driveway, it should just simply wash away with the rain. If that doesn't happen, a quick blast with a power washer will prove no match for the oil
Follow the simple methods above and you'll keep your resin driveway in tip-top condition for many years to come.
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The benefits of having a resin driveway
If you want to create a truly stunning entrance your house, then having a resin bound driveway could be the choice for you. Perhaps you've designed your own family coat of arms and you want the world to see it? There's no better way of achieving this aim than having it imprinted on the car entrance your home.
What is a Resin bound driveway?
A resin bound driveway is constructed by mixing a thick layer of aggregates with a resin binder. The stones or aggregates need to be between 3-5mm in size to ensure that they are adequate for driveway construction. The resin must be thoroughly combined with the aggregates before being laid to ensure a smooth and porous finish.
Why is it porous?
The porous element to a resin bound driveway is very important as it allows water to run off it. This means that you don't get so many puddles forming which can ultimately cause damage to your driveway.
What designs can I have?
With a resin bound driveway, the design options are pretty much limitless! You can choose to have one created out of natural stone, which will give a standard but elegant look. Or you could let your creative juices flow and have something completely unique designed for you. The beauty of a resin bound driveway is that it allows you to incorporate other materials into the base. This means that if you wanted a colourful surface with decorative glass incorporated in it – you can. If you want to have a certain pattern set into your driveway – that's achievable too. With a resin driveway gone are the days of the boring concrete or paving options, and here comes the revolution of style, colour and creativity.
How do you look after it?
Once your entry masterpiece has been completed, you'll need to make sure that you look after it properly. Not that keen on outdoor maintenance? Well rest easy because a resin driveway is so simple to look after. In reality it only needs to be washed twice a year and this can be made even easier by using a power washer. If you want to keep the sparkle, then you can sweep it was often as you want, but that's it.
Resin bound driveways are being the top choice for many people who want a driveway that will last for a long time and will look good in the process. What are you waiting for? Get designing and get one installed at your home.
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How to maintain a resin driveway
Having a resin bound driveway installed can look quite fantastic if done right. It's also an eco-friendly alternative for your car flooring needs. What's more, it's still a relatively new driveway installation method, so your driveway will stand out from the crowd of the others on your street.
What is resin driveway?
A resin bound driveway is one where aggregate is mixed completely with a resin binder. This mixture is then laid onto your driveway surface to create a smooth and porous finish. The porous finish means that the water can easily run off it without huge surface puddles collecting which can cause damage to a driveway.
What is it made from?
A resin driveway is made from aggregate. The stones need to be between 3-5mm in size to ensure that they are suitable for heavy vehicular traffic. In addition to this, you'll also have to ensure that the driveway depth is somewhere between 15-20mm, most recommended that 18mm is perfect but 2mm deeper won't hurt either.
Can I lay it myself?
It's not impossible to lay it yourself and there are plenty of DIY kits available. However, you'll need to be careful in terms of the speed you need to move in to mix the aggregate and resin, as well as laying it smoothly. It might be better to sit back and relax and let someone else do the hard work.
How long does it take to build?
Once the aggregate and resin mixture has been laid on the surface, it can take about 12-16 hours for you to be able to stand on it or even drive on it. However, to be on the safe side, it's recommended that you leave it for 24 hours before driving on your new driveway. This will give the resin mixture plenty of time to cure and set.
How long will it last?
The lifespan of a resin bound driveway is about 25 years. To achieve this length of time, you'll need to ensure that the resin and aggregate mixture is laid correctly and the driveway is well maintained.
How can it be maintained?
Maintaining your new Resin bound driveway is easy. All you need to do is to sweep it occasionally to prevent to build up of dirt and dust. Then give it a good old power wash at least twice a year. That's it. Simple
Having a resin driveway constructed is a relatively quick and straightforward process. The part that will take the longest time is preparing the surface area for your new driveway to be laid on. Once that's done and the mixture has been laid, it's just a matter of waiting for it to cure.
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Resin driveway designs
If you've chosen to opt for a resin driveway, it's important that you know how to install it and what you need to do to ensure that it will be long lasting. Resin is the fairly new kid on the block when it comes to driveways, but once you have one you won't be disappointed.
Resin bound Vs Resin bonded
There are two types of driveway installations that you could opt for, one is porous and the other isn't – this means that one stands a much better chance of lasting longer if it's being driven on or has cars on it.
Resin bonded – this means that a layer of resin is spread onto the desired surface and the the aggregate is layered over the top. This creates a rough finish and it isn't porous
Resin bound – this means that the aggregate or stone is mixed thoroughly with the resin binder before being applied to the surface. This method results in a smooth and porous surface finish
What can a resin bound driveway be laid on?
Your new resin bound driveway can be laid on a concrete surface or an asphalt surface. If you have an existing driveway, it is recommended that this is removed and a new surface is laid to help ensure that the new resin driveway will have a longer lifespan. Resin driveways cannot be laid over block paving or concrete slabs – these will definitely have to be removed prior to application.
What depth of driveway is needed and what aggregate is used?
For a resin bound driveway it is recommended that the nominal depth is 18mm so that it can safely accommodate cars and other vehicles. The standard size for the aggregate stones is somewhere between 3-5mm. These tend to be natural stones, but you can also have decorative glass incorporated into your driveway mix to make it extra special.
What are the setting times?
Whilst the resin mix can dry relatively quickly, it is recommended that you don't walk or drive on it for at least 24 hours. This will give the resin enough time to set properly and for it to become solid in the setting process.
Having a new driveway laid can be a fairly mundane process. However, with the variety that a resin bound driveway allows – this can turn the boring into quite fun process to go through.
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How long does it take to build a resin driveway
If your thinking about revamping your driveway and you want to have something that not many people in the UK have, then a resin bound driveway could be the option for you. But what is a resin bound driveway?
What is a Resin Bound Driveway made from?
A resin bound driveway is a mixture of aggregate stones and resin. It is permeable and flexible which means that it is resistant to cracking – so it can be very long lasting
How is it made?
Unlike paving options, where the resin is laid and then the aggregate is applied to the surface, when it comes to laying a driveway, the aggregate and the resin binder are thoroughly mixed together before being applied to your driveway. This ensures that the mixture will provide a totally bound surface. By mixing the resin and the aggregate before application, this ensures that the driveway is more durable and stable.
What are the benefits
Permeable – Resin bounded driveways are fully permeable which means that water can freely drain through the surface without causing damage to it
Maintenance – The maintenance levels required to keep a resin bound driveway serviceable are low. You may find that you only need to sweep or power-wash it – twice a year is the recommended minimum to keep it clean and useable.
Quality – As with anything, the quality of your new resin bound driveway will depend on the supplies that you opt to use. Check manufacturer guidelines to ensure that they meet the required resin quality assurance requirements
You can get really creative with a resin bound driveway. Instead of using the standard tarmac or block brick tools to construct your driveway, with a resin bound one you can incorporate decorative glass or natural stones.
Getting the driveway installed
Installing a resin bound driveway can be done as a DIY project. Many hardware stores now sell kits to help you to achieve a fully functioning driveway. However, if you are unsure about what you need to do, you can also find a number of professionals that will install one for you.
A resin bound driveway is a growing industry, and having one will not only set you apart from your neighbours, but it will allow you express your creative side in terms of the style of your driveway. This is type of driveway can be installed as a DIY project and if done right, it can last for many years. It also a low maintenance solution, which is perfect if you have a busy life and don't want to spend your weekends cleaning your driveway.
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How to install a resin driveway